Wing Chun's third hand form
A lot of people think Biu Gee [Darting Fingers] is for attacking people. But the real meaning behind Biu Jee is not really attacking. Biu Jee promotes
and develops many emergency techniques.
Ho Kam Ming
Biu Gee (thrusting/darting fingers) is sometimes also referred to as Biu Tse, Biu Jee or even
Bil Gee. The different ways to spell it, arise because it is hard to Romanise (put into Latin or western letters) Cantonese
speech. Despite the different spellings the pronunciation in Cantonese is the same. Biu Gee is the third and final hand form of the Wing
Chun Kung Fu system and was traditionally only taught to close or trusted Wing Chun students. Usually students who had been training for
a longer period of time. As a result, the Biu Gee form will vary most between lineages, even within Ip Man linage, the final form is different
between different instructors.
Because Biu Gee builds on Chum Kiu which itself builds on Sil Lim Tao, it should only be learned after Chum Kiu has been properly understood.
Once Biu Gee has been mastered the practitioner can deliver devastating power through extremely short distances with much greater accuracy.
The form has a number of parts which don't break down into 3 sections quite as easily as Sil Lim Tao.
The first part of Biu Gee teaches the student how to perfect the use of 'inch energy', enabling the practitioner
to develop power through very short distances. It also builds on the two way energy developed in Chum Kiu.
The first section also contains footwork is known as circle stepping or Huen Ma. This is essential to the Wing
Chun system. Again this builds on the Chum kiu style thrusting stepping or Biu ma. Huen Ma enables the rapid
but safe change of direction enabling the practitioner to avoid an attack and swiftly counter attack.
The fist section also introduces the practitioner to a technique known as Kop Jarn, or downward elbow. Kop Jarn
can be used to attack at very close distance where punching or striking with the hand is not an easy option. It
can also be used to block an incoming attack when the practitioner has his/her hands trapped. This is one of the
reasons Biu Gee is said to contain emergency escape techniques.
Other emergency techniques are seen in Biu Gee, for example the use of Biu Gee/Tse to escape when the elbow has been pinned.
The last part of the form contains ways to recover the centreline along with some large areas covers and strikes to
different directions. The final part of the form shows the student an effective way to recover from a fall. Therefore
Biu Gee completes the hand forms of the Wing Chun system by finalising the use of power and energy in techniques,
building on the Chun Kiu style stepping and providing the practitioner with options to escape a bad situation such
as being pinned, trapped or recovering from a fall.