Sil Lim Tao, Wing Chun's first form
Sil Lim Tau is not just the beginning course, but an important foundation.... When we learn English, we
learn 26 letters first. If we cannot handle the pronunciation of each letter, then our English will never
be good. The magnitude of the fist form Sil Lim Tau in Wing Chun is the same as that of the letters in English.
Sil Lim Tau, sometimes referred to as Siu Nim Tao, is the first of the hand
forms of Wing Chun Kung Fu. It teaches the student the basics of the martial art. The form has been adapted and
changed over the last few hundred years, but it is thought that the form was inspired by movements from both crane
style kung fu and snake style kung fu. The form has evolved differently as styles of Wing Chun diverged. The snake
element can be seen more in Yuen Kay San Wing Chun in Foshan, China, than it can in Ip Man's Wing Chun which was
reordered by Ip Man and his predecessors in Foshan and later in Hong Kong.
The other two hand forms in the system are Chum Kiu (Seeking Bridge) and
Biu Gee (Thrusting Fingers). Sil Lim Tao is a basic, foundation form for people starting their journey in Wing Chun. Grandmaster
Ip Man described the practice of the Sil Lim Tao
form in the following way:
In Sil Lim Tao [Little Idea], the ideas of daily matters, such as money, work, hate, love, etc.... decrease to as little as possible,
or even none, [so that the practitioner may] concentrate only upon practicing.
Sil Lim Tao is the foundation of Wing Chun Kung Fu. That is why almost every Wing Chun Sifu, when teaching his students, always wants
the students to practice Sil Lim Tao first. The form is divided into three sections, with a total of one hundred and eight movements.
Each small section has its own aim in practice, and various meanings in application.
The Forms' Structure
The first section is for training the basic power by tensing and relaxing the arm. The strength is built up by repeating the core hand
positions of Tan Sau, Fook Sau, and Wu Sau. If you wish to perform well in Wing Chun, you must use the first sections of Sil Lim Tao to
train the basic power and strength. There is no short cut, once the movements of the form have been learned, they must be practiced seriously
to train the power and strength. Every Wing Chun practitioner knows when practicing the first part of Sil Lim Tao, that it has to be slow. To
train for the strength one has to be serious, and to be serious one must do it slowly.
The second section is the training how to use use the power / strength that has been built up in the first section. In Wing Chun Kung Fu, the
strength and power are used half soft, half hard. This is easily demonstrated when throwing a punch, your arm travels at great speed but the
muscles are relaxed, this is the soft part. But just before you make contact with your opponent, your muscles in your arm tense up for a split
second, this is the hard part. This later develops into full delivery of the Kinetic Energy of your arm and body into the target, without
compromising balance. In Chinese martial arts, good use of this on off energy is often referred to as Ging.
The third section is for training the correct position of the basic hand and arm movements, and hopefully building up muscle memory.
Movements include Pak Sau, Tan Sau, Gaun Sau, Huen Sau and Bong Sau. The practitioner must concentrate on executing each movement's correctly.