Info about chain punching
Wing Chun chain punches or "Lin Wan Kuen" are a burst of rapid punches along the
"centerline". These can be performed in sets. In Wing Chun we punch with a vertical
fist. The following video should highlight how to chain punch.
In Wing Chun chain punching is a key part of system. The goal is not to deliver a
single knock out punch, but a rapid succession of punches which will ultimately deliver
more damage than a single blow.
There is a saying in Wing Chun from the Kuen Kuit: "Punch from the heart."
This can be taken both literally and metaphorically. You should always punch with everything
you have. When chain punching as in this part of the syllabus, you should punch from in front
of the solar plexus (i.e. punching from where the heart is) to ensure your punches travel down
Chain punching is effective because it can be hard to block. This is because one punch follows
on from the previous, giving your opponent very little time to recover their position.
A vertical fist is used in Wing Chun for two main reasons. Firstly because we generally aim for
the opponents head, and in Wing Chun, as in self defence, you fight without gloves or wrist
supports. Therefore this style of striking puts less strain on the wrist that a horizontal fist delivered at
head height. For example, when punching the face of an opponent, particularly one who is taller than you, your
wrist will have more support and your metacarpals in the hand, will be better aligned with your
forearm when in the vertical fist potion with the elbow kept in. The second reason for a vertical fist,
is because of the way Wing Chun practitioners hold their guard. Because of the forward guard you get more
power with a vertical fist without having to withdraw your arm. A common mistake for beginners is to let
the elbow come out or to drop the punch before impact so it does not drive through correctly.
What is expected in the grading
For this grading you will be expected to do a single punch with alternating hands 10 times.
Then 2 chain punches with alternating hands down the centerline 10 times. Then bursts of 3, 4,
5 and finally 6 punches at a time, each repeated 10 times. These may be in the air or against
The punch should travel out straight from in front of the solar plexus to the target. Avoid
fully extending your arm when punching. Hyper extension like this can damage the elbow joint.
You should strike with the bottom 3 knuckles. Aim to hit the same spot with every punch.
For this grading I would expect around 4 punches per second. 5 would be expected for more
advanced student. Power and good technique is however more important than speed. Please use a
training stance when doing chain punching.